Tharawal – Search

Demountable 3
187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 2560

SEARCH, the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health, is Australia’s largest long-term study of the health and wellbeing of urban Aboriginal Children.

While 53% of Aboriginal people live in cities or large regional areas, only 10% of Aboriginal health research focuses on their needs, and so little is known about their health.

SEARCH, a partnership between researchers, the Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council and four NSW Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services, has recruited more than 1600 children and their families in order to shift this balance.

It will provide strong research evidence to support governments and medical services in developing the right policies and programs needed to close the gap in health outcomes and life expectancy.

Its aim is to achieve long-term improvements in the health of Aboriginal children. It will do this by finding the causes of health and wellbeing and identifying the best times to provide services and the children most likely to benefit from extra programs.

This will help develop better policies, services and programs, particularly for Aboriginal children living in urban areas.

The value of data and community engagement.

The Study is collecting information on ear infections, speech development, mental health, injury, environmental health, risk factors for later chronic disease, and use of health services.

Its value will increase over time as more data is collected — the children and their families will be followed over a five to 20-year period.

The Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service partners are:

  • Tharawal Aboriginal Corporation
  • Aboriginal Medical Service Western Sydney
  • Awabakal Newcastle Aboriginal Cooperative Ltd
  • Riverina Medical and Dental Aboriginal Corporation

The research leaders are:

  • Professor Jonathan Craig (University of Sydney)
  • Professor Emily Banks (ANU, Sax Institute).

Aboriginal Medical Services and government and non-government agencies are already using the information collected by SEARCH to understand the health needs of urban Aboriginal children in a wide range of areas from ear health, to access to preschool.

Study Aims and Methods

As a long-term study, SEARCH is designed to recruit children attending Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and follow them over time. The measures include both self-report and clinical assessments.

During Phase 1, SEARCH recruited more than 1500 children and collected substantial high-quality information on their health needs. The partnerships between researchers, the AH&MRC and the Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services have been critical to this phase of the Study.

Formulating research questions, recruiting families and interpreting data have all been undertaken through these partnerships. Written and verbal summaries of the early data have been provided to the Health Services and their input sought.

Key outcomes from Phase 1:

Recruitment of 1530 children and 622 carers into the study

Collection of detailed self-report information about many aspects of health including social and emotional wellbeing, physical health, housing and neighbourhood, injuries, service use and priorities as seen by families. These data are still being analysed but already point to key health needs.

Collection – for the first time – of information about hearing and speech development. SEARCH has tested the hearing of 1486 children and the speech development of 756 children aged one to seven. This work has identified unmet needs among the children and contributed to additional funds for services.
Development of better research tools for use in Aboriginal health. Too often, tools developed for use in non-Aboriginal people are used without understanding their appropriateness for Aboriginal communities. This is early work and several papers have already been published.

Find out more

View the full list of publications: SEARCH publications

Download the SEARCH Study Protocol (PDF 493KB) for more detail on the methods used in phase 1

SEARCH Phase 2

SEARCH is now in its second phase of development. This phase represents significant new directions for this collaborative Study. Core work during Phase 2 will be following up the children and families participating in the Study, and the development and evaluation of a program to use SEARCH data to drive change. There will be partnership work to ensure the information that has been collected is used appropriately and to advocate for new services.

Contact Numbers


187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 256002 4628 4837
FAX Number02 4627 8066
PO Box 290 Campbelltown, NSW 2560 


Demountable 2 - 187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 2560

02 4628 4837 (option #2)

02 4624 9400


187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 256002 4624 9430


187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 256002 4620 0400


187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 256002 4620 0298


105 Townson Avenue, Minto NSW 256602 9820 7447


105 Townson Avenue, Minto 256602 9820 7447


187 Riverside Drive, Airds NSW 256002 4628 4837
Hours of Operation

Tharawal AMS

Monday - Thursday 8.30am-5.00pm
Friday 9.00am - 4.30pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED

Community & Administration

Monday - Thursday 9.00am-5.00pm
Friday 9.00am - 4.30pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED

Oorunga Wandarrah MACS Centre

Monday - Friday 7.30am-5.00pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED

Waranwarin Child & Early Learning Centre

Monday - Friday 7.30am-6.00pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED

Waranwarin Family Support Program

Monday - Friday 9.00am-5.00pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED

Tharawal Housing Office

Monday - Thursday 9.00am-5.00pm
Friday 9.00am - 4.30pm
Saturday & Sunday & Public Holidays CLOSED
Important Information:Coronavirus (COVID-19)

We are currently undertaking precautionary measures to contain and control the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus) and our clinics and offices are temporarily closed to walk-in appointments.


For GP & Health related services

Please call us to book an appointment or to speak to a team member about the latest restrictions on: 02 4628 4837


For all emergencies please contact 000

You can also call the healthdirect helpline on 1800 022 222 to speak with a registered nurse.


For more detailed information about COVID-19 visit the Department of Health website.

We would like to pay respect to the Elders past and present. We respect and honour Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Elders past, present and future. We acknowledge the stories, traditions and living cultures of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples on this land.

Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are advised that this website may contain images, voices and names of deceased persons.

Click the X or outside this notice to close it